Ectropion, Entropion, Ptosis
Eyelids starts to get weaker after a certain age; that is when the eyelids starts to be flabbiness and full of fat, where lifting the eyelids
brings the patient youth and freshness back.
Lifting the upper and lower eyelids could be done at one or two stages depending on the patient’s desire.
The patients who suffer from the following diseases are excluded from the eyelid lifting surgery:
- Excessive dryness in the eye.
- Position of the Eye to cheek is not suitable.
- High blood pressure.
- Cardiovascular diseases.
Usually occurs in the lower eyelid, where the edge of the lower eyelid flips to the outside area and the inner surface of the eyelid (conjunctiva) then become visible.
In most cases, the Ectropion occurs when the connective tissues and surrounding muscles of the eyelid after a certain age, or because of burnings that occured close to the eyelid. In the case of Ectropion, this part of the skin start to experience fibrosis and shrinkage.
The problem of Ectropion is not only in shape, but there are several factors that make the patient in need to perform this surgery, including:
- Eyes dryness and irritation:
As the eyelids are used to close and open the eye to prevent dehydration, which done by the distribution of lacrimal layer on the surface of the eye,
as well as continuous eye cleaning, where eye dryness patient experience:
- Tingling, and eye burning.
- The desire to knit the eye.
- A significant increase in tears secretion
- Eye irritation in the presence of smoke and wind
- Difficulty in wearing lenses in the case the patient uses them
- The presence of mucus in the form of filaments around the eye and inside it.
- In addition to the aforementioned, red-eye and conjunctivitis, continuous eyewatering, excessive eye sensitivity from the light, chronic conjunctivitis, keratitis.
After a certain age, weakness and relaxation of the surrounding eye muscles occur which causes a flip in the edge of the eyelid to the inner side of the eye,
where this is called Entropion, where there are several factors that increase the patient's need to perform the Entropion surgery:
- Eye irritation, especially at the early morning at wake up time.
- Eye redness.
- Continuous eye watering.
- Pain in the eye.
- The feeling of a foreign object inside the eye.
Where Entropion patient have to perform the surgery; in case he does not, the eyelashes will start to scratch the cornea and cause
them ulcerations, which will damage the vision.
Eradication of fat bags of the lower eyelid without surgery
Inside the eyelid, there exist many skin layers and mucous, where the cartilage tissue attached to this mucous gives the eyelid its shape,
where it has many sebaceous glands that reduces evaporation of tears from the eye surface.
Sometimes these sebaceous are accumulated, and
called fat cyst, that causes chronic inflammation in the eyelid or in the conjunctivitis, that causes trachoma.
These fat cysts are treated by injecting different materials inside the fat bag, where these materials destroy it where it don’t come back,
and all that is done without surgery.
Congenital Ptosis or eyelid Prolapse happens as a result of a defect in the eye muscles that lifts the upper eyelid, leading to Ptosis.
When the patient decides to do the surgery, the doctor can see that the muscle’s color is yellow, where its color should be red, this is because
of the deposition of fat inside the muscle, that make the muscle’s color turn to yellow.
There exist many other factors that increase the probability of having Ptosis like a problem in the third cranial nerve of the front eye muscle
that lifts the eyelid, where this happens because of a brain tumor or a head injury, a clot in the blood vessel of the third cranial nerve, or a
congenital problem in the third cranial nerve.
In addition to the aforementioned, the expansion of one of the blood vessels in the head, heaviness in the upper eyelid either because of tumor
in the upper eyelid (because of a tumor in the eyelid itself), or inflammation of the eyelid, or fluids pool.
Finally, some people experience Ptosis because of a Botox injection near the eye, where this Ptosis is considered temporarily, and will be gradually gone within six weeks.
YOU CAN ALSO BROWSE
LASIK Photorefractive Keratectomy (P.R.K) Surgery
Lens Implant Surgeries
Blocked Tear Ducts Surgery
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